A few days in the Poviat


| Czerniejewo | Jankowo | Kiszkowo |
| Royal Forests | Skorzęcin | Trzemeszno |




One may reach Czerniejewo choosing one of two ways: on foot by a vehicle. The former way means either following the yellow trial from Pierzyska (from PKP /Polish State Railways/ railway station - 15 km) or from Wierzyce (from PKS /National Transport Company)/ bus stop - 16 km); the latter way involves using a bus or a bicycle; covering a distance of 14 km from Gniezno one passes through Mnichowo, Pawłowo and Goranin. While walking from Pierzyska one goes past Baranowo, Pawłowo (there, the wooden Saint Martin's Church from the latter half of the 17th century is worth seeing), then one passes by two wildlife reserves "Wiązy w Nowym Lesie" and "Bielawy". Near Goranin, in the quiet forest one finds an obelisk in the memory of count Witold Skórzewski who tragically died in the early 20th century (whether he died in the unfortunate accident or was murdered remains the mystery of the past).



The route from Wierzyce will take us through the picturesque surrounding of lakes such as: ósemka, Uli and Baba in Jezierce. There is an educational path places where one may take a rest after a tiring hike. Going through the forest and the wildlife reserve "Modrzew w Noskowie" we reach czerniejewo. The main attraction in Czerniejewo is the Baroque-Classicism Palace from the 18th century. The Palace is situated in the park. It was duilt by General Jan Lipski and then used by the family Skórzewski. In 1997, this place was visited by seven Presidents of Middle East European countries and in the year 2000 by Prime Ministers of Poland and Germany. Near the Palace, there is the stable where one may rent carriages. A ride around Czerniejewo and nearby forest may be a nice relaxation after a tiring hike. Moreover, the nearby park with a picturesque pond is another incentive to sightseeing. Deep into the park, inquiring ones may find a historic building of a pheasantry. Apart from the Palace there is also Saint John the Baptist's Church. The remains of former owners of the city, the family Lipski and Skórzewski, are placed in the church's basemants. Naer the Church, there is a monument to Priest Onufry Kopczyński who was born in Czerniejewo. He formulated Polish grammar. The market surrounded by the 19th century tenement houses is another attraction worth seeing. The trip to the region of Czerniejewo may be s good rest from everyday life. The sightseeing possibilities. The relics of our past and the historical buildings determine the value of the region.

Top


Jankowo Dolne is a small town one the river Wełna. Geographically, the river separates two regions: Wielkopolska and Kujawy. The towns is situated on the route from Gniezno to Toruń. Its history dates back to the Middle Ages. It is known that Jankowo Dolne belonged to the house of Porajów. Here, many archaeological finds were discovered which is the best proof that the region had a great value in the past. Moreover, the medieval city with embankment was discovered. The circumference of the early 12th century embankment was around 100 m. Additionally, there is a castle from the 14th century and Gothic tiles from the 15th century. The Dutch windmill remains from the year 1896 are also wonders of Jankowo Dolne. There is a big recreational complex called "Kalina around 500 m east of the road Gniezno-Toruń and there is a resort camp with the camping site, summer houses about 2 km of the road. There, one may find guarded bathing beach, a hire company of sports equipment and outlets. Amateurs of nature may admire lime trees, grass snakes, woodpeckers, squirrels while fishing lovers may see impressive eels and pikes. One may reach Jankowo Dolne by MPK (Municipal transport Company) bus or PKS bus - number 54, or by train towards Trzemeszno, Mogilno. If you decide to drive a car you should turn right about 1,5 km behind Jankowo. We recommend going by a bicycle through Arkuszewo, Wierzbiczany, but we dissuade from cycling the road to Trzemeszno because of heavy traffic and difficulty in reaching the lake. We also propose a hike from Gniezno (starting from the railway station PKP) following the blue trial to Strzyżewo Kościelne (he distance of 10,2 km). There is the 19th century Church and the grave of victims of Hitlerian terror. Further, following the green trial one reaches Jankowo Dolne on the river Wełna. After a short rest at the resort camp we encourage to take a pleasant walk to Lake Wierzbiczany.

Top


It is recommended to visit places lacated in the we stern part of Gniezno-Kiszkowo urban district. Considering the distance we suggest driving a car. Kiszkowo is famous for outstanding scenery.

It is partly situated within Lednicki Landscape Park and the forest called "Zielonka". The history of Kiszkowo dates back to the Midle Ages. In the past, the owners of this settlement were representatives of different noble houses, for instance the house of the family Nałęcz. The original appearance to the town with its market in the middle remained unchanged. In the centre, there are houses from the 19th and 20th centuries, the wooden Saint John the Babtist's Church from the 17th century as well as the Neo-romanesque Church from the 19th century. Here, the main historical building that is definitely worth seeing is the Baroque 17th century church situated on the hill - the Sanctuary of Virgin Mary Dąbrówka Kościelna.



That sanctuary is a place of pilgrimage. The characteristic feature of Dąbrówka Kościelna is the wildlife reserve called "Modrzewie Klasztorne" where the the oldest larch-pine forest in Wielkopolska on the area of six ha grows. The forest was created in 1962 and the origin of its name comes from the monastery in Wągrowiec. Before the historical partition of Poland the surrounding forests had belonged to the monastery. One may experience the beauty of Dąbrówka Kościelna wandering the charming paths in the fores. In Kiszkowo, there is also a nature trail in Lednicki Landscape Park. The trail is symbolized by an oak leaf. It leads you to the meeting point of two roads: Waliszewo-Dziećmiarki and Owieczki-Sławno throught the park in Dziećmiarki, the village called Kamionek and finally throught the forest you return to the starting point. Other treasures of the region include: Saint Nicholas' Church and the manor from the 19th century in Sławno. There is also a medieval settlement. In Węgorzewo, there is a manor from the 19th century. In Łagiewniki Kościelne, the wooden Corpus Christi's Church from the 18th century and the 19th century manor.

In Kiszkowo one may also find a superb wonder. There is a hamous Gate of the Third Millennium called "Fish" on Lake Lednickie. It was builtby Dominicans and it is well known all over Poland as a place of religious annual meeting of youth.




Top


Places which are little known are also worth visiting. They are situated on the borderland of counties: Gniezno and Żnin. The yellow trial leads from Trzemeszno through Kruchowo, Ławki, Gołąbki, the wildlife reserve called "Długi Bród" to a wayside inn "Drogorad" on Lake Głęboczek. The route is within the cycling distance. Keen walkers may cover the distance and come back Gniezno from the PKS bus stop - "Mielno Skrzyżowanie". We start the trip in Trzemeszno at the railway station. The route from Trzemeszno to the village Ławki is called by the name of Hipolit Cegielski. To Kruchowo, the route leads throught scenic lakes such as: Malicz, Folusz, Kamionek and Kruchowskie. In Kruchowo, which changed its owners many times, one should pay attention to the storeyed manor from the 16th century which was restored in the 18th century. The manor is surrounded by park with oaks and white poplars. In the village, there is a brick All Saints' Church wchich was built in 1957. before, there had been a wooden one from the 18th century founded by Adam Rosen's foundation. However, it was burnt in 1953. near the church there is a wooden belfry from the 19th century witch the hidden 14th century bells. Moving further the forestless and hilly district we reach the village Ławki. There, Gaspar, Józef, Hipolit Cegielski was born in 1813. he was a philologist, philosopher, an industrialist and activist. Hipolit Cegielski spent his childood in the house located in the centre of the village. Near the house there is an alley that leads us to the plaque that commemorates that outstanding man from Wielkopolska.



Next, the route guides us to the summer resort called Gołąbki, situated between two lakes: Przedwieśnie and Wielkie Łomno. From Gołąbki to Ochodża and further to the amall settlement Ameryka. Next, Gościeszyn is around 2 km away from Ochodża. There is a church in which one finds the Netherlands 15th century paiting of the Virgin Mary. The decor of the church with Gothic, Renaissance and baroque elements will definitely rivet your attention. From America the route will take you to the forest which used to be the royal domain. That explains the origin of the name "Royal Forest". Then, we reach the birds' reserve called "Długi Bród" which is located in 170 years-old pine forest. Here, in the quiet of the countryside you may observe herons. Next, we pass by the forester's lodge "Długi Bród", the settlement Oleandra and finally we reach Lake Głęboczek. As a legend has it, the lake hides the sinful settlement and it is said that sounds of the bells of the sunken church are heard. Visiting the regions of Kruchowo, Ławki and Gołąbki we face the unique occasion to admire places witch historical and natural value.

Top


For those who are keen on sunshine and clean water we strongly recommend a trip to Skorzęcin. You may choose going by PKS bus from Gniezno or driving a car following the road through Witkowo or Kołaczkowo. You may also ride a bicycle, passing places such as: Szczytniki Duchowne, Lubochnia and Krzyżówka, as long as the green trial lead you straith to Skoprzęcin. Additionally, keen hikers may follow the green trial strting at the railway station PKP in Gniezno. Skorzęcin is famous for its resort camp which is the biggest ones in Wielkopolska and one of the biggest in Poland. Conveniently situated in south-east part of county of Gniezno, Skorzęcin may house 6000-8000 tourists at the same time on the area of 46 ha. However, the name Skorzęcin is actually the name o the nearby village (7 km from Witkowo) where you may find a 19th century manor with an outstanding time tree. There are impressive oaks 1,5 km north of Skorzęcin. The first mention of the Skorzęcin appeared in 1932. Its history is connected with the glacial action and the hill called "Orla Góra" (Eagel's Hill). There used the be the biggest cluster of white-tailed eagles in Wielkopolska and it attracted countless number of scouts and amateurs of nature. During the post-war period first factory centers were built. Its most intensive progress occuredin the 70's when the asphalt road was built and infrastructure was developed. That significantly influences the enviromnment especially flora and fauna. Skorzęcin is located between two lakes: Niedzięgiel and Białe, and it covers almost 50 ha. Here, the attractions include huge sandy beaches. It offers accommodation for around 6500 guests in hotels and summer houses. Moreover, at the camping site there are additional 400 overnight accommodation. That resort camp won the competition "Mister Camping" many times. The lowest rainfall in the country assures you wonderful rest and pleasant weather in the summer.The greatest embodiment of Skorzęcin's value is Powidzki Landscape Park. It was founded in 1988 and its surface area is 24,600 ha. Diversifield protected relief was affected by glacial action. There are many lakes, rich flora with protected species as well as fauna, for instance magnificient oaks which are 420 cm in circumference. Historical and cultural values of the region where the park is located make the local tourist offer even more interesting. The surface area of lake Niedzięgiel is 640 ha. At present, it decreases its size into 550 ha but still it is ranked second among the biggest lakes. There are five islands on the lake. The biggest one is called "Znicz" (surface area 3 ha). The lake is the source of the river Noteć Zachodnia. There is a 600-meters long snady beach and its surface area is 3,5 ha which is equal to the size of 7 football pitches. Lake Białe has got shores overgrown with forests. Its surface area is 50 ha. It is 1,250 m long and 500 wide. On the Lake Białe, there is the biggest group of protected trees including 47 impressive old oaks.



Top


We strongly recommend visiting Trzemeszno. You may reach it on foot following the red trial from Gniezno (starting at the railway station - the distance of 24 km), which is called: "The trial of walking tour of pupils from Trzemeszno in 1863" (the name commemorates the fact that the pupils of a lower secondary school in Trzemeszno joined the 1863 uprising; additionally, the plaque in front of the present building of High School remembers that event.), or from Mogilno (starting at the railway station - the distance of 16 km). You may also reach Trzemeszno traveling by bus or cycling the distance 18 km from Gniezno. Walking to Trzemeszno you pass by Kędzierzyn. There is the Neo-Romanesque Apostle Andrew's Church from the year 1840. At the meeting point of the two trials, near the forester' lodge "Krzyżówka", it is recommended to deviate from the red trial and turn right into the green one. At the distnce of 100 m of the cross-roads one finds the grave of the Austrians killed by the Soviet Army in 1945. IF you reach Trzemeszno from Mogilno you may admire astonishing hills and simultaneously see "Wał Wydrtowski" (the embankment) IT's the highest point of the county of Gniezno and the same time of Gniezno plateau 167 m above sea level) You may also cycle both trials. The town is conveniently located beetwen Lake Trzemeszeńskie and Lake Popielewskie (the deepest lake in Wielkopolska - 48 m). Trzemeszno is the town with great and deep-rooted tradition. There, in the local monastery the corpse of st Wojciech had rested before transporting them to Gniezno. In addition to this, Jan Kiliński was born in Trzemeszno. He was one of the leaders of Kościuszko insurrection. The most precious monument of architecture in Trzemeszno are from the 18th century. They include the Assumption Basillica and the building of lower secondary school.




Both ot them were founded by the foundation of Michał Kościesza Kosmowski who was Abbot of the monastery. The history of the basilica dates back to the 12th century when the members of the monastery arrived to Trzemeszno and builit there three-naves romanesque basilica. Over the centuries the Church was converted many times and its contemporary apperance was the concept of Abbot Kosmowski. Thanks to his foundation the College in Trzemeszno was built. The most famous students who attended the College include: Jędrzej Śniadecki, StefanGarczyński, Marian Langiewicz, Jędrzej Moraczewski, Józef Chociszeski, Hipolit Cegielski, Jerzy Wldorff. Both buldings are located on the square that is called after his name. Kosmowski's role in the development of Trzemeszno was significant. He also estabilished a hospital, an orhanage, an old people's house and his activityis visible in many towns. He was rewarded with St. Stanislaw medal. Trzemeszno put at ypour disposal leisure fascilities inter alia a spots hall, many sities when yo may stroll or canoe on Lake Popielewskie (seasonal), Hotels in Trzemeszno offer an unusually delicious and moderately priced cusine with traditional Polish meals that will satisfy any gourmet. Trzemeszno is a unique place because of its town palning. There are two nmarkets and in the centre the monument to Kościuszko inssurection hero - Jan Kiliński. We reccomednd strolling along the city centre and admiring that historic site.